The human temporal bone contains a large number of complex structures within a small space. This complex anatomy is a challenge for students in the basic science and medical disciplines. Computer-based 3-D virtual models have the potential to become valuable tools for teaching and learning this anatomy. We have developed virtual models of the human temporal bone and made them available as downloadable freeware for teaching and educational purposes.
These models include:
TEMPORAL BONE MODEL
Developed from archival histologic sections of a 14-year-old male, this model depicts the majority of the structures of the external, middle, and inner ears, along with the mastoid air spaces.
ROUND WINDOW MODEL
A more detailed subset of the Temporal Bone model. This depicts the detailed anatomy of the round window membrane and adjacent structures of the cochlea.
INCUDOSTAPEDIAL JOINT MODEL
Another detailed subset of the Temporal Bone model, which depicts anatomy of the distal incus, incudostapedial joint, and head of stapes.
THE VISIBLE EAR
Developed from a library of visual images from an 85-year-old female, this model contains the entire human temporal bone and surrounding structures of the skull base.